Type of Display & Screen - LCD, LED, OLED, HDTV, 4K.. - Full Form

List of Type of Computer Monitor, Laptop Display and TV Screen, etc. and its Abbreviation, Full Form


In today’s world of modern technology, Computer Monitor, display and TV’s screen are playing a very important role in exposing, distributing the information in various ways and at the same time nowadays display screens are with the developed or new evolved technologies. In this page, there are important and widely used types of display screen:


It's Abbreviation short form and full form and its short explanation-

LCD    :         Liquid Crystal Display

LED    :         Light Emitting Diode

OLED  :       Organic Light Emitting Diode

CRT     :       Cathode Ray Tube

HDTV   :      High Definition Television

4K        :       Ultra High Definition (4 times the resolution of Full HD)

VGA     :       Video Graphics Array

HDMI    :      High-Definition Multimedia Interface

DLP      :       Digital Light Processing

IPS       :       In-Plane Switching

PPI       :       Pixels Per Inch

DVI       :       Digital Visual Interface

AMOLED:   Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode

S-IPS    :      Super In-Plane Switching

TN        :       Twisted Nematic

QLED   :       Quantum Dot Light Emitting Diode

UXGA   :       Ultra Extended Graphics Array

FHD      :       Full High Definition

HDR     :        High Dynamic Range

PDP      :       Plasma Display Panel


20 Types of Display Screens are explained briefly as follows-

LCD: Liquid Crystal Display - LCDs utilise liquid crystals to control the passage of light and create images. They are commonly used in various devices, including computer monitors and television screens.


LED: Light Emitting Diode - LEDs are solid-state devices that emit light when an electric current passes through it. LED technology is mostly used in displays / monitor due to its energy efficiency and vibrant color reproduction.


OLED: Organic Light Emitting Diode - OLEDs consist of organic compounds that emit light when an electric current is applied. These displays / screens give individual pixel illumination, resulting in exceptional contrast and thin, more designs.


CRT: Cathode Ray Tube - CRTs employ a vacuum tube to display images by directing electron beams onto a phosphorescent screen. They were common in older televisions and monitors before the invention of newer technologies.


HDTV: High Definition Television - HDTV refers to television systems that offer superior image quality compared to standard definition. It covers resolutions such as 720p, 1080i, and 1080p.


4K: Ultra High Definition - 4K displays boast a resolution approximately four times that of Full HD (1080p). This results in specially detailed and sharp visuals, making it ideal for larger screens and immersive experiences.


VGA: Video Graphics Array - VGA is an analog video display standard commonly used in older computers and monitors. Despite its legacy, it played a significant role in early display technology.


HDMI: High-Definition Multimedia Interface - HDMI is a digital interface that efficiently transmits high-definition audio and video signals between various devices like TVs, projectors, and gaming consoles.


DLP: Digital Light Processing - DLP technology employs tiny mirrors to manipulate light and create images. This technology is often found in projectors, providing smooth motion and accurate color representation.


IPS: In-Plane Switching - IPS displays feature horizontally aligned liquid crystals, resulting in wide viewing angles and accurate color reproduction. IPS technology is favored for high-quality monitors and TVs due to its visual fidelity.


PPI: Pixels Per Inch - PPI is a metric that measures pixel density on a screen, indicating how many pixels are present per inch. Higher PPI values contribute to sharper and more detailed visuals.


DVI: Digital Visual Interface - DVI is a video display interface used to connect devices like computers to monitors. It supports both analog and digital signals, making it versatile for various display needs.


AMOLED: Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode - AMOLED displays utilize an active matrix structure to control individual pixels. This technology offers improved control over brightness and color accuracy compared to traditional OLEDs.


S-IPS: Super In-Plane Switching - S-IPS is an advanced iteration of the IPS technology, providing even better color accuracy and wider viewing angles. It's particularly favored for professional-grade displays.


TN: Twisted Nematic - TN displays use a twisted nematic liquid crystal structure to manipulate light. While offering fast response times, they have narrower viewing angles and lower color accuracy compared to other technologies.


QLED: Quantum Dot Light Emitting Diode - QLED combines LED technology with quantum dots, enhancing color and brightness for vibrant and lifelike images. This technology is often associated with high-end TVs.


UXGA: Ultra Extended Graphics Array - UXGA refers to a display resolution of 1600x1200 pixels, providing high-quality visuals suitable for professional tasks that demand detailed imagery.


FHD: Full High Definition - FHD displays have a resolution of 1920x1080 pixels, delivering clear and crisp images. This standard has become prevalent in modern monitors, TVs, and other display devices.


HDR: High Dynamic Range - HDR technology enhances the contrast and color accuracy of displays, enabling a broader range of brightness levels and colors. It results in more realistic and immersive visual experiences.


PDP: Plasma Display Panel - PDPs use ionized gases to emit ultraviolet light, which interacts with phosphors to create images. Although once popular for large-screen TVs, they have been largely replaced by newer technologies like LCD and OLED.


Some more abbreviations related to the term "Display, Monitor":-


    E-ink:     Electronic Ink Display

    SVG:     Scalable Vector Graphics

    VR:        Virtual Reality

    AR:         Augmented Reality

    AM:        Aspect Ratio

    DP:        DisplayPort

    V-Sync: Vertical Synchronization

    LUT:        Look-Up Table

    HDCP:     High-Bandwidth Digital Content Protection

    LCD TV:   Liquid Crystal Display Television

    LED TV:    Light Emitting Diode Television

    EVD:         Electronic Video Disc

    FLD:         Field Emission Display

    AM-LCD:   Active Matrix LCD

    ARGB:       Alpha Red Green Blue

    CGA:         Color Graphics Adapter

    DVGA:       Dual VGA

    LCoS:         Liquid Crystal on Silicon

    MVA:          Multi-Domain Vertical Alignment

    PTP:          Picture Transfer Protocol

    STN:         Super-Twisted Nematic

    VDU:         Visual Display Unit

    WSXGA:   Wide Super Extended Graphics Array

    XGA:         Extended Graphics Array

    WQHD:     Wide Quad High Definition

    QHD:         Quad High Definition

    FWXGA:    Full Wide Extended Graphics Array

    



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